Annual Report 2016

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Annual Report 2016


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Additional Tier 1 bond (AT1 bond)

Non-cumulative, fixed-interest bearer bond issued by DekaBank as Additional Tier 1 capital with subsequent adjustment of its interest rate and an unlimited term. If the Common Equity Tier 1 capital ratio falls below a set minimum, the nominal and redemption values of the bearer bond may be reduced in specific circumstances.

Advisory/management mandate

External fund which is managed by a capital management company (Kapitalverwaltungsgesellschaft – KVG) of the Deka Group. For advisory mandates, the KVG acts only as an adviser, i.e. the external management company must verify compliance with investment restrictions in advance. For management mandates, however, investment decisions are made, verified and implemented by the KVG of the Deka Group.

Core business

Deka Group’s core business comprises launching and managing securities and property funds and certificates for private and institutional investors as well as transactions that support and complement Asset Management. These include, among other things, services in connection with fund-based asset management, the investment custody business and activities in the Capital Markets and Financing business divisions. 

Cost/income ratio (CIR)

The CIR is a productivity indicator, providing information about the amount that has to be spent in order to earn €1 in profit. In the Deka Group, this indictor is calculated from the ratio of total expenses (excluding restructuring expenses) to total income (before provisions for loan losses) in the financial year. 

Economic result

As a key management and performance indicator, together with economic risk, the economic result forms the basis for risk/return management in the Deka Group and is, in principle, determined in accordance with accounting and measurement policies of IFRS. As well as net income before tax, the economic result also includes changes in the revaluation reserve before tax as well as the interest rate and currency related valuation result from original lending and issuance business. The interest expense in respect of AT1 bonds (Additional Tier 1 capital), which is recognised directly in equity, is also included in the economic result. Furthermore, the economic result takes into account potential future charges that are considered possible in the future but that are not yet permitted to be recognised under IFRS due to the fact that accurate details are not yet available. The economic result is therefore a control variable on an accrual basis whose high level of transparency enables recipients of the external financial reporting to consider the company from the management perspective.

Fully loaded

Capital ratio calculated by applying the set of regulations stipulated in the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR) and Capital Requirements Directive IV (CRD IV) in full, i.e. without taking account of the applicable transitional provisions.

Fund assets (according to BVI)

Fund assets according to BVI comprise the fund assets of the mutual and special funds and asset management funds as well as the master fund. Direct investments in co-operation partner funds, the proportion of products for fund-based asset management attributable to cooperation partners, third party funds and liquidity as well as the advisory/management and asset management mandates are not included. 

Net funds inflow (according to BVI)

Difference between the funds inflow from the sale of units and the outflow from the redemption of units. Unlike net sales, this figure does not include the funds of cooperation partners or advisory/management and asset management mandates. However, the net sales from own investments are taken into account in the net funds inflow. 

Net sales

Performance indicator of sales success in asset management and certificate sales. This figure essentially consists of total direct sales of mutual and special funds, fund-based asset management, funds of partner organisations, master funds and advisory/management mandates, ETFs and certificates. Sales generated through proprietary investment activities are not taken into account. Redemptions and maturities are not taken into account for certificates, since in the certificates business the impact on earnings primarily occurs at the time of issue.

Non-core business

Positions from credit and capital market business that are not suitable for Asset Management or to release synergies with Asset Management constitute non-core business. At the Deka Group, these positions have been separated internally. They are reported separately from core business and reduced while safeguarding assets at the same time. The portfolio essentially consists of legacy business with securitised and structured products and the volume is now relatively small.

Payments to the alliance partners

Payments made by the Deka Group to the savings banks and Landesbanken. These include the transfer of the front-end load from the sale of funds as well as the corresponding sales performance compensation, asset management fee and sales commission. 

Phase in

Capital ratio calculated by applying the set of regulations stipulated in the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR) and Capital Requirements Directive (CRD IV) and taking account of the applicable transitional provisions.

Primary/institutional customers

The Deka Group’s primary customers are the German savings banks and their customers. The products sought by primary customers are also offered to other institutional customers. These include in particular insurance companies, pension funds and foundations but also German publicsector institutions.

Return on equity (RoE)

The RoE reflects the payment of interest on capital provided by shareholders. The Deka Group calculates this ratio as the economic result divided by equity at the start of the year, including atypical silent capital contributions.

Revaluation reserves

Revaluation reserves are a component of IFRS equity on the balance sheet. They include revaluations of net liabilities arising from defined benefit obligations (actuarial gains and losses), the effects of fair value measurement on financial instruments in the available for sale category – through other comprehensive income – and the effective portion of the change in fair value of hedging instruments arising from cash flow hedges, taking into account deferred taxes associated with these items.

Risk cover potential

Following the liquidation approach, the risk cover potential (total risk-bearing capacity) essentially consists of equity under IFRS, income components and positions of a hybrid capital nature (subordinated capital), adjusted using amounts to correct for certain capital components such as intangible assets or risks arising from pension obligations. As a formal overall risk limit, it serves to guarantee the Bank’s risk-bearing capacity. On this basis, a buffer is reserved for stress scenarios in order to reflect extreme market developments and turbulence in the context of risk-bearing capacity. This corresponds at a minimum to the level of subordinated capital components, including Additional Tier 1 capital. The primary risk cover potential (maximum risk appetite) – the primary control parameter for the allocation of risk capital – equates to the total risk-bearing capacity (risk capacity) minus the secondary risk cover potential.

Risk-bearing capacity

As a basic principle, risk-bearing capacity is used to determine the maximum level of risk that can be incurred (impacting the income statement), taking into account risk concentrations. To safeguard its risk-bearing capacity, the Deka Group primarily follows a liquidity-oriented approach (liquidation approach), in which the particular focus is on ensuring the protection of creditors at all times in the hypothetical event of liquidation. This requires that even extremely rare risk situations are included in the analysis. The corresponding utilisation ratios for total risk-bearing capacity (risk capacity), the primary risk cover potential (maximum risk appetite) and the allocated risk capital (risk appetite) may not exceed 100%.

Scenario analysis

A scenario analysis focuses on the material risks identified during the self-assessment and uses tree diagrams to provide a detailed description and analysis. In particular, risk indicators need to be taken into account, which facilitate the derivation of ideas for the active management of operational risks.

Total customer assets

Total customer assets essentially comprise the income-relevant volume of mutual and special fund products (including ETFs), direct investments in cooperation partner funds, the portion of fund-based asset management attributable to cooperation partners, third party funds and liquidity, advisory/management mandates, certificates, and third party managed master funds.


DekaBank is the Provider of Asset Management and Capital Market Solutions in the German Savings Banks Finance Group. Together with its subsidiaries it forms the Deka Group. In this capacity, the Deka Group offers the combined expertise of asset manager, financier, issuer, structurer, liquidity platform, clearing partner and custodian bank.